Towards a domestication of the microalgae for the energy production
Identify the components and the key regulators (genes, proteins, metabolites) of the energy metabolism of the microalgae.
The programmed reduction of the fossil reserves and the increasing concerns on climate warming make urgent the search for alternative sources of energy. With their productivity in biomass and their high photosynthetic activity, the microalgae represent a credible alternative for the terrestrial plants for the production of biofuel. Certain species are able to produce hydrogen or to accumulate lipids of reserve usable for the production of biodiesel, but the outputs in compounds rich in energy remain relatively modest because of the existence of biological limitations.
The objective of the ALGOMICS project is to use the recent developments of high-throughput biology (transcriptomic, metabolomic, proteomics, fluxomic) associated with an effort of genetics and modeling to reach an in-depth comprehension of the photosynthetic metabolism of the microalgae and of its regulations. After integration, the data obtained will be used to appropriate the necessary concepts for an advanced domestication of the process of conversion and the solar energy storage for an optimized production of biofuel.